Know the Fact about - Bitter Gourd for Diabetes

Know the Fact about - Bitter Gourd for Diabetes

Diabetes is a metabolic disorder which leads to high blood sugar levels.

It is of 3 types

  1. Type - 1 Diabetes 
  2. Type - 2 Diabetes &
  3. Gestational diabetes 

Type – 1 Diabetes:

Type - 1 Diabetes or Juvenile Diabetes is a chronic condition wherein pancreas in the body produces little or no insulin.

It is caused due to genetics or exposure to viruses and other environmental factors.

Hence, Insulin (A hormone required to help glucose enter the cells and produce energy) injections are taken before meals to help metabolize glucose well. 

The symptoms are:

  • Extreme hunger
  • Increased thirst 
  • Frequent Urination 
  • Blurred vision 
  • Fatigue and weakness

Type - 2 Diabetes:

Type - 2 Diabetes is a metabolic disorder characterized by high blood sugar, insulin resistance and relative lack of insulin.

This insulin resistance is generally caused due to lifestyle behavior including the consumption of unhealthy foods, inactive and sedentary lifestyle and so on.

The symptoms are the same as type -1 diabetes. However, if not controlled, it can lead to adverse effects like

Gestational diabetes:

Gestational diabetes is a condition where a child without diabetes develops diabetes during pregnancy caused due to not enough insulin in the setting of insulin resistance.

In the Long term, children are at high risk of being overweight and developing type -2 diabetes.

In such conditions, having the right food with the right medication is of utmost importance; To maintain blood sugar levels in control.

One such food which can help maintain blood sugar levels in control is bitter gourd (Karela) 

Karela / Bitter melon / Bitter gourd contains 3 active substances with anti - Diabetic properties like 

  • Charantin - Has blood sugar lowering effect
  • Vicine and
  • Polypeptide - P - Insulin-like compound.

These substances work individually or together towards lowering the Blood glucose levels.

Besides, it also contains a substance called lectin (plays major role in having a hypoglycemic effect in the body) which reduces blood sugar concentrations by acting on peripheral tissues and suppressing appetite. 

Hence, having a glass of Karela juice every day has a huge positive impact on treating Diabetes to some extent by controlling blood sugar levels.

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