• Parkinson’s Disease – Symptoms,Causes,Treatments
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    October 3, 2015

    What is Parkinson’s disease?

    Parkinson’s disease is a neuro degenerative brain disorder. It is a kind of progressive disorder of the nervous system and hence no symptoms in most of cases become obvious for many years. People live with it for years without knowing the fact they are affected by it.

    Brain Regions Affected by Parkinson’s disease

    Brain Regions Affected by Parkinson’s disease

    What are the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease?

    In most of the cases of Parkinson’s disease, people over 50 are found with its symptoms. However, it may affect people aged in between 21 to 40 as well. Some of the symptoms are –

    • Tremor of Hands
    • Slow Movements
    • Inexpressive Face
    • Affected Voice
    • Affected Sense of Smell
    • Muscle stiffness
    • Impaired balance

    Causes

    Dopamine is a state when the brain of a male or a female gradually lose its ability to produce neurotransmitter due to which he/she gradually loses control over body and emotions. As the dopamine level gets down, people face problems in doing the work or controlling their movements. The reason behind the death of these brain cells is yet to be discovered.

    Parkinsons Disease Dopamine levels

    Dopamine levels in a normal and a parkinson’s affeted neuron

    Tests

    To diagnose this problem is yet a difficult task particularly at early stage, as no specific set of tests can confirm the diagnosis. The symptoms appearing in this disease may be because of several other illnesses. For making a correct diagnosis of the illness, medical history and clinical examinations are considered helpful.

    Treatment

    Parkinson’s disease is a disease that has no cure. Some kinds of treatment approaches are helpful for the patients including:

    • Medication
    • Modification for general way of life
    • Surgery
    • Physical therapy
    • Speech therapy
    • Occupational therapy

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