What is Glaucoma? Know its Causes & Advanced Treatment Options

What is Glaucoma? Know its Causes & Advanced Treatment Options


Glaucoma disease is an eye condition that gets triggered by the built-up pressure on the optic nerves. Since it is mostly genetic; if anyone in your family has a past with glaucoma, you may suffer from the same condition at some point in your life.

The major cause of glaucoma is the intraocular pressure on the nerves of the eyes. The optic nerve is directly harmed in this process, leaving the eyes weak, and over time, vision loss is on the table. The hampered vision cannot be brought back, so it is essential to understand the condition early on to avoid any grave outcomes.

In this blog, we will get an insight into glaucoma, what causes it, and how you can treat it.

Glaucoma: Causes and Symptoms

The major cause of glaucoma is when a fluid called aqueous humor gets built up in the eyes blocking the usual channels. Aqueous humor is present in everyone's eyes and gets released through a mesh-like passage. But when the path is blocked, the fluid starts building up and doesn't get a channel to remove, triggering glaucoma.

Glaucoma is most likely inherited, which means that if anyone in your blood relations has it, it may be passed onto you later in life. Other glaucoma causes can be severe eye infections or blocked blood vessels in the eye area. Mostly it occurs in both eyes, but there's a slight possibility that one eye gets more affected.

Also Read : How Dangerous is Glaucoma?Know Symptoms,Causes and Treatments


Common symptoms of glaucoma include:

  • Vision blockage: seeing rainbow-like designs
  • Eye area turning red
  • Uneasiness/irritation
  • Constant headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Nausea/vomiting
  • Problem in concentrating


Glaucoma Types

Two common kinds of glaucoma:
1. Open-Angle Glaucoma

The most usual form of glaucoma, another name for this type is wide-angle glaucoma. The fluid gets collected in the eyes, causing open-angle glaucoma. 

2. Angle-Closure Glaucoma

This type is interconnected with cataracts and farsightedness. Most people in Asia are prone to catch this because of their body structure. Due to the narrow build of eyes, the drainage gets hampered, and the blockage causes cataracts and other diseases over time. But, it is the beginning of angle closure.

Not-so-Common Types:
3. Normal-Tension Glaucoma

This type of glaucoma causes blind spots in your vision. Usually, it happens because of a compromised optic nerve. Due to the extra pressure on the optic nerves, they get disoriented and eventually damaged.

4. Secondary Glaucoma

This type is like the same suggests- secondary glaucoma. It is an outcome of other diseases, including cataracts and diabetes. Due to this, glaucoma gets triggered and starts surfacing.

5.Pigmentary Glaucoma

Little particles from the iris get in the way of the eye drainage canals, resulting in the passage's blockage.

Glaucoma Treatment

Here are the different treatment approaches doctors follow:

  • Eye Drops: Eye drops help remove the fluid blockage and create a passage for the fluid to flow outside the eyes. Sometimes, the eye drops might cause a stinging feeling or blurred vision. In such cases, it is essential to consult the doctor and stop the usage of eye drops for the time being.
  • Oral Medicines: Oral medications help reduce the amount of fluid our eyes produce and remove the blockage caused by the accumulation of fluids.
  • Laser Surgery Treatment: This treatment consists of three stages. First is trabeculoplasty, where the drainage path is opened. The second is iridotomy; little holes are made to release the piled-up fluid. The third is cyclophotocoagulation, production of fluid is reduced by treating the centre layer of the eye.
  • Microsurgery: In this surgery, a process named trabeculectomy takes place. Pressure caused on the eyes is released, and a path is created for the fluids to pass by. Then, an implant is created where a tube is located in the eyes for the liquids to drain without any blockage.
Treat your Glaucoma with Dr Agarwals Eye Hospital

At Dr Agarwals clinic, they are a team of experienced ophthalmologists with years of experience in dealing with various eye conditions. They have more than 125+ eye hospitals all over India. Moreover, they have expanded their services to 11 countries. They are known for the hi-tech equipment they use for the treatments, and their testimonials make them the first choice for any patient.

To get a better insight, visit their official website today.


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