Brachytherapy is an advanced cancer treatment. It is one type of Radiation Therapy used for cancer treatment. This radiation therapy uses a sort of energy called as Ionizing Radiation which helps in killing cancer cells and shrinks the cancer tumors.
Using Brachytherapy, Radioactive sources are inserted into the patient’s body either temporarily or permanently depending on the patient’s cancer stage and health condition.
This radiation damages the DNA of the cancer-causing cells destroys them completely and prevents them from dividing and growing into multiple.
Brachytherapy might be temporary or permanent which is purely depends on the patient’s cancer condition.
In permanent Implant procedure, radioactive materials which are enclosed in seeds or pellets are used to insert in the tumor.
In temporary Implant procedure, needles, plastic catheters or other specialized applicators are placed in the treatment area.
Patient’s physical examination is a must before the therapy and here is the list of major tests required for the observation of the cancer therapy.
Along with these, a special preparation for a patient is prescribed prior to the start of the brachytherapy treatment to make them ready physically and mentally for the treatment procedure.
Doctors use a higher dose of radiation therapy to treat any part of the body in a lesser time. The treatment process, duration and the treatment type will be decided by the doctor depending on the patients’ health condition, cancer stage, and other health issues.
According to the Cancer Study Research Centers around the globe, it has been proved that the success rate of Brachytherapy in low-risk patients is increased by 95% compared with high-risk patients.
The survival rate is in the range of 75-90% among both men and women. The success rate in men and women are less varied and almost equal in recent years.
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