Cirrhosis is a condition in which there is a destruction of liver cells. Vitamin-A deficiency favors the formation of cirrhosis.
A principle of diet:
A high protein, high calorie, high carbohydrates, moderate fat, high vitamin diet helps in regulation of liver and helps to prevent the formation of ascites. Fiber should be restricted in case of esophageal varices and portal hypertension.
- Carbohydrates should be liberally supplied so that the liver may store glycogen.
- During cirrhosis the liver concentration of folate, riboflavin, and vitamin-A, B1 and B2 are decreased. Hence they should be supplemented.
- A high intake of protein about 1.2gm/kg body weight should be given as it helps in regeneration of liver cells.
Foods to be included for Cirrhosis Diet:
Cereals, simple sugars, honey, egg white, vegetables like bottle guard, ridge guard, potato, fish, carrots, strained and clear juices and fruits less in fiber can be given.
Foods to be avoided for Cirrhosis Diet:
Peas, beans, lentils, legumes, ladies finger, brinjal, fried foods, guava, bakery items, spices, oily food, fast foods, oil, butter, cheese, chocolates.
Foods to be restricted in ascites (accumulation of fluid in the peritoneal cavity):
Salty foods, fiber foods, pickles, baked items, spinach, seafoods, whole grains.
Sample diet for Cirrhosis
|Early morning||Barley water||1 Cup|
|Mid-morning||Orange juice||1 glass|
|Green gram dhal||1 Katori|
|Bottle guard curry||1 Katori|
|Tea time||Tea||1 Cup|
|Rice flakes poha||2 Servings|
|Tomato dhal||1 Katori|
|Ridge guard curry||1 Katori|
|Bedtime||Skimmed milk||1 glass|