2019-nCOV pneumonia broke out in Wuhan, Hubei, China in December 2019. This is a respiratory disease. The source of infection is from animals and there is clear evidence of human-to-human transmission.
People infected with nCOV will incubate for 14 days after having a fever and this appears similar to the common flu. Upon onset, nCOV causes inflammation and lung damage and then leads to death.
Currently, there is no specific vaccine for this virus and it has spread into the epidemic. Dangerously, nCOV may turn into a pandemic if the prevention is not conducted urgently and reasonably. The article will share with you what to do to protect your family from being infected with this virus.
Basic Information on Coronavirus
1. Symptoms of Coronavirus Infection
These virus strains make people sick. Patients usually suffer from mild to moderate upper respiratory infections, similar to the common cold.
Symptoms of coronavirus infection include runny nose, cough, sore throat, possibly headache and fever. These symptoms may last for several days.
For those with weakened immune systems, the elderly and children, it is possible that coronavirus also causes diseases of the lower respiratory tract such as pneumonia or bronchitis.
There have been several strains of the coronavirus that spread dramatically. For example, the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome virus (MERS) was first discovered in the Middle East in 2012. The virus also causes respiratory problems, but the symptoms are much more serious. For every 10 people infected with the virus, 3-4 people die, according to CDC data (USA).
2. Ways of Spreading
Strains of coronavirus can be spread by contact between people and animals.
In humans, the virus spreads from person to person through contact with infected body fluids. Depending on the degree of spread of the virus, coughing, sneezing or shaking hands can expose others to danger.
The virus can also be spread when a person touches an object that was touched by the nCoV patient. Then that person uses hands to put on their mouth, nose, and eyes. Patient care assistants are also sometimes exposed to the virus when handling the patient's wastes.
How to Avoid nCoV for Your Family
1. Avoid Staying In Air-Conditioned Rooms
Some people believe that closing the door and staying in the air-conditioned room is the safest way to avoid coronavirus infection. However, scientists point out that when the weather is warm and temperatures rise above 20-25 degrees Celsius, bacteria and viruses will reduce their influence.
Therefore, we can take advantage of the temperature factor to reduce the strength of coronavirus. You shouldn't be in closed rooms where the temperature is too cold. Also, the house must be well-ventilated. It's undeniable that we should not go to crowded places to avoid spreading the disease, but this does not mean hiding in the house with air-conditioner.
2. Regularly Clean and Disinfect Household Appliances
Bacteria can be brought in from outside, especially when a family member comes home without changing clothes or bathing right away. The bacteria can even enter if friends and relatives visit your home during the festive season. Therefore, to prevent during the epidemic season, homeowners ensure to vacuum and clean the floor regularly.
3. Wash Hands with Soap
Washing hands carefully helps kill bacteria and prevent infection. According to experts, when washing your hands, absolutely do not hustle. Instead, you should rub and scrub for at least 20 seconds under the tap to get rid of secretions on the hands.
Bear in mind that the time for each handwashing is at least 1 minute. By doing this, people can protect their health, their family, and the community because it helps destroy the maximum of bacteria as well as reduce the possibility of catching and spreading disease through dirty hands.
4. Avoid Exposing Children to Pets
According to WHO, until now there hasn't been any evidence that domestic pets (such as dogs, cats ...) are infected with 2019-nCoV. However, experts recommend that everyone, especially children, wash their hands with soap and water after playing with pets. It is a way to protect against E.Coli bacteria, Samonella that is usually transmitted from pets to humans.
5. Take Enough Nutrition
Anyone can be the subject of coronavirus. So, in order to raise resistance against complex disease, you should instruct your family to drink plenty of water, keep the body warm, take full rest, and stay away from fried, grilled dishes. These foods can cause inflammation in the body and weaken the immune system. Your ability to fight off the disease depends on your own immune system.
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6. Always Keep Your Children Hygienic
Besides ensuring adequate nutrition, parents need to increase hygiene for children by cleaning their hands before eating, after playing, after using the toilet.
If the children go out, parents should make children wear warm clothes and a protective mask.
Moreover, children should eat at home with hygienic food. When children show signs of cough and fever, you should isolate and take them to medical establishments.
In summary, the article has given useful knowledge for readers to be able to protect themselves and their families, thereby making an important contribution to the fight against 2019-nCOV pneumonia.