Hepatitis damages liver functions. Cells in the liver become dysfunctional and inflamed due to the onset of hepatitis. Patients need to take medications and apply therapies for recovery at the early stage. Often when it is in the benign state, there is no visible or palpable symptom to expose. Gradually patients learn about the changes in their bodies. They must not take local drugs without prescriptions if it occurs.
What Is Hepatitis?
As mentioned earlier, it causes the liver enlargement with chronic cellular inflammation in the liver. Here are some of the facts that will make conceptions about hepatitis more clear:
- It is of five main types and viruses cause all of them.
- Around 250 million people are affected globally by hepatitis C and more than 300 million people are being stipulated to be the carrier of hepatitis B.
- The cause of hepatitis A is consumption of contaminated water or food.
- Hepatitis B is a type of sexually transmitted disease.
- Hepatitis C spreads through direct contact with a person who is affected by this disease.
- Only a patient with hepatitis B can develop the symptoms of hepatitis D.
- The cause of hepatitis E (HEV) is an intake of contaminated water.
- It shows all the similar symptoms related to other types of hepatitis in the group but is not identified as a viral infection is known as hepatitis X.
- A specific virus-HGV is known to cause hepatitis G.
- The initial symptoms of both flu and hepatitis are almost similar.
Different Types of Hepatitis
It has different subtypes like A. B, C, D, and E. This dangerous virus weakens the liver due to which it cannot function properly. The difference in the structure and characteristics of Hepatitis virus is understandable. B type Hepatitis enhances the scope of severe infection and forces the patients to go through complicated diagnostic and treatment procedures. In a report prepared by the CDC or Centers for Disease Control in America, it has been calculated that approximately 350 million people worldwide have experiences of the occurrence of Hepatitis. Therefore, it is a menace that threatens survival.
How Are Hepatitis A/B/C/D/E Affected?
There are specific causes of hepatitis. Medical researchers and doctors give their own opinion about the cause of hepatitis A/B/C/D/E. Liver expansion can take place due to exposure to toxic elements, liquor and spurious drugs. Liver loses the ability to perform regularly owing to the metabolic disorders, fungal infections, bacterial attack and build-ups of parasites in the liver.
What are the Symptoms of hepatitis?
Common signs and symptoms of Hepatitis A, B. C. D and E have similarity. In many cases, symptoms of it are not properly revealed. However, some of the common symptoms that can help in identifying the disease include:
- Muscle pain
- Unusual enlargement of the liver
- Faster loss of interest to eat food
Patients have low stamina and energy to move comfortably. Working efficiency goes down gradually. Further identifiable symptoms are sudden enlargement of the veins in interior walls of the esophagus, the accumulation of fluid in the abdomen, and inflammation of the lower limbs.
Which Sub Type of Hepatitis Is Dangerous?
Chronic Hepatitis B is not curable and it does not give chance to patients to have advanced treatment to get relief permanently. They should undergo blood screening and medical tests for diagnosis. Pre-vaccination helps people to have life security.
How Can Hepatitis Be Prevented?
- There are vaccines for preventing Hepatitis A and B. However, the shot administration is not recommended to protect children from Hepatitis A.
- Newly born babies who are below one year after birth should not be vaccinated for the prevention of Hepatitis A virus.
- On the other hand, a vaccine for Hepatitis B was introduced back in 1986. Children are eligible to have such anti-Hepatitis B vaccine to lower the cause of the Hepatitis.
- The achievement rate of vaccination for children in the case of resisting Hepatitis is almost 99%.
- Within a day of child delivery on the bed, the anti-Hepatitis B vaccine is given to stop the transmission of the disease from the mother to the baby.
- However, people crossing 40 have low ability to reinforce their immune system to respond after taking the anti-Hepatitis B type vaccine.
- WHO has declared that children in both developed and under developing countries should be administered anti-Hepatitis B as early as possible to check the quick transfer of Hepatitis B germs from the blood of mother to the babies.
Preventing Drug-Induced Hepatitis
It is easier to avoid things that you do not need to do compulsorily. But for people who work in industries that prepare toxic drugs and chemicals such as pesticides, fertilizers, and insecticides or those who are in cement industry and are exposed to asbestos and other similar components it is difficult to avoid such substances. However, even then you can take certain precautions to protect yourself:
- Always wear your protective gear and hand gloves when you operating with the toxic substances or are being exposed to them.
- Make sure that the content or the spray is never pointed at you to avoid direct fumes of toxicity.
Does Hepatitis Affect Pregnant Ladies?
- Women who conceive can be affected by Hepatitis B and their babies will have the side effects of this viral infection.
- It is infectious and it is transferable to other people.
- The pregnant mother needs to test their blood to learn about the presence of Hepatitis B in the body. A pregnant woman should not do sexual intercourse with the partner who has Hepatitis B.
- This chronic liver infection is caused due to the usage of infected needles, blood transmission, and sexual intercourse.
- Pregnant women should take vaccines to improve resistance power to prevent Hepatitis B or else their babies will have higher risks of being infected by this disease.
- Treatment should be started quickly to safeguard newborn babies.
What Type of Treatment Is There for Hepatitis?
Treatment for Hepatitis affected people depends on types and severity of infection in the liver. Usually, Hepatitis A is not easy to treat. Patients with Hepatitis A are allowed to have long bed rest. They should not consume alcohol and steroids to increase the risks. As patients are seen vomiting a number of times within 24 hours, they should avoid fatty and spicy foods as they are hard to digest. Instead, they must take fat-free food to get back their stamina. Dehydration and diarrhea enhance more body weakness.
In the case of Hepatitis B, patients must be monitored by doctors. In the absence of the specific treatment to treat patients, doctors like to prescribe anti-viral medicines to control this disease. However, experts are not hopeful about the resultant effect of the application of such expensive anti-viral medications to eliminate virus of it. For this reason, early preventive care and possible medical trials are helpful to people to avoid the curse. Children should be administered anti-hepatitis shots to delay the progression of the Hepatitis B type germs that destruct the metabolism and digestive systems.
It patients are advised to have antiviral drugs for steady improvement. Some user-friendly therapeutic procedures in combination with the application of anti-viral medications are beneficial to patients to avoid the discomfiture. After medical tests and blood screening, doctors recommend the liver replacement or critical surgical operation to repair the liver if the patients have cirrhosis.
It is treatable. People recover from doldrums and stress after having alpha interferon medication, which performs faster to wipe out symptoms of Hepatitis D. This medication should be taken in the right dose. However, some scientists claim that the chance of retrieval of the Hepatitis D occurs even after the administration of this vital medication to help patients to recover.
It is not managed through the particular therapy or treatment. You must abide by some general instructions to lessen pain and physical disorder to some extent. For instance, intake of plenty of nutritious fluid/water and multi-vitamin supplements will energize you. In addition, do not go outside for hard work. Stay at home and plan how to spend time by sleeping and reading books to have mental relaxation.
Does It Spread from One to Another?
All types of Hepatitis are transmitted through blood, used tools/needles and body sharing. If someone has Hepatitis B, he must not be a donor to donate blood. He should be prohibited to give blood platelets to other patients during an emergency. Simultaneously, through physical attachment or sexual intercourse, the virus of Hepatitis is shifted to one's body. Even needles used to collect the blood of the infected patient should not be given to others for further usage. It can minimize your lifespan. Therefore, you will have to find the best preventive method to strengthen up your physical resistance/immune system for retaliation. Chronic Hepatitis is life-threatening to invite death and permanent physical deformity. Advanced medical tests, timely care and a lot of safeguards in advance inclusive of vaccination are positive steps to lower the risks of the attack of Hepatitis.