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Plastic Surgery is Not a Latest Concept in India-Know About Sushruta an Ancient Plastic Surgeon

Plastic Surgery is Not a Latest Concept in India-Know About Sushruta an Ancient Plastic Surgeon

Extracting information about leading and famous personalities of medical science in ancient history? Then the first and foremost thing you should know is about, Sushruta an ancient plastic surgeon.

Some of you might or might not be heard about him earlier, but this is a right niche to know all about Sushruta an ancient plastic surgeon. Generally, it seems that plastic surgery has been invented in the modern era. The desire to achieve physical beauty is one major factor that has resulted from a great popularity to this procedure.

Plastic surgery is not only considered for cosmetic reasons, but also for reconstructive purposes. However, plastic surgery has been around us longer than people realize. One such earliest instances can be found in the Sushruta an ancient plastic surgeon in India.sushruta statue

History of Sushruta an ancient plastic surgeon :

According to the sources, Sushruta an ancient plastic surgeon is the earliest surgeons of history during 600 B.C., and it is also believed to be the first and foremost popular person to invent and describe plastic surgery.

All the basic principles of plastic surgery were described by him in his famous ancient treatise 'Sushruta Samhita'.

Sushruta Samhita- an oldest treatise with surgery indicates that Sushruta an ancient plastic surgeon, who was perhaps the first surgeon to carry out plastic surgical operations.

Belief of plastic surgery

Though most of the people in this avant-garde era, consider Plastic Surgery as a comparatively new technique to improve the physical beauty, the fact is its origin had roots over 4000 years old in India. Hindu mythology consists of four Vedas - namely the Rig Veda, Sama Veda, Yajur Veda, and Atharva Veda. It is believed that Sushruta Samhita to be a part of Atharva Veda.

Significance of Sushruta Samhita

The ancient tradition of surgery is described in the Sushruta Samhita and is considered as most brilliant gems in the medical literature of India. Sushruta Samhita of Sushruta an ancient plastic surgeon is a treatise that boasts thorough descriptions of plastic surgery that has considerable surgical knowledge with relevance even today.

The precise era of Sushruta an ancient plastic surgeon is not known, however, many scholars believe that between 600 and 1000 BC.5,6,7,8 Sushruta lived, taught as well as practicing his art in the city of Varanasi (Kashi, Benares). Varanasi is located on the banks of the river Ganges, which is considered as one of the holiest and spiritual places in India & is also the niche of Buddhism & Ayurveda, oldest medical disciplines.

{ Also Read: What is Plastic Surgery? }

The surgical skills of his students were also taught on different modules, for example, cut on vegetables. The essential standards of plastic surgery are exactness, arranging, hemostasis, and flawlessness. Sushruta depicted numerous reconstructive procedures, for example, skin discharge for covering deserts, turn arrival of the pedicle folds for covering loss of skin from a range. The contribution of Sushruta an ancient plastic surgeon in the area of Plastic Surgery enumerated as follows:

  • Rhinoplasty (cheek)
  • Techniques for repairing torn earlobes
  • Cheek flap for earlobe
  • Accidental lip injuries & congenital cleft lip
  • Piercing children's earlobe with a needle or awl
  • Needles of bronze or bone
  • Four-degree burns and explaining the heat stroke effect, frostbite, & lightning injuries
  • 14 different types of bandaging that are capable of covering all body regions and various dressing methods with various medicaments.
  • Use of wine to reduce the surgical incisions pain.
  • 20 varieties of sharp instruments are described (sastra) & 101 blunt instruments (yantra) and their dealing techniques.
  • Systematic dissection of cadavers.
  • Use of leeches to keep wounds free of blood clots.
  • A code of ethics for teachers as well as students.

Sushruta an ancient plastic surgeon has taken plastic surgery in medieval India to a commendable stature and that period was later viewed as The Golden Age of Surgery in antiquated India. Because of his various original commitments to the science and specialty of surgery in India, he is viewed as the 'Father of Indian Surgery' and the 'Father of Indian Plastic Surgery'.

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