How Cholesterol leads to Heart Disease?

Does Cholesterol Cause Heart Disease? Healthy cholesterol is made by the liver. It is used to stimulate the body, insulate the nerves, build new cells and helps in producing hormones. Cholesterol enters into the body externally with our foods through milk, meat, eggs, etc. Too much cholesterol is harmful to the body and will be the root cause of many diseases.

From this research-based post learn total information about cholesterol and its functionality. Also, know the fact about cholesterol and heart disease. 

Does Cholesterol Cause Heart Disease?

Cardiologists at yashoda hospital secunderabad doctors frequently got this question from patients  Does Cholesterol Cause Heart Disease? , Too much cholesterol formation in the blood will create blockages in the arteries by making the arteries narrow which causes difficulty for the blood flow. This process is called Atherosclerosis. This excess cholesterol causes various types of heart diseases.

As we all know blood carries oxygen to the heart, if enough blood is not pumped into the heart oxygen levels will be decreased and may cause chest pain, heart attack, and other heart diseases. Hence, proper care of cholesterol levels in the body should be considered to be healthy. Commonly affected heart diseases are:

  • Heart attack
  • Chest pain
  • Heart strokes
  • Coronary heart disease
  • Arteries heart disease
  • Cardiovascular heart disease

( Also Read : How to recognize pre heart attack symptoms in female? )

Types of cholesterol:

There are 3 types of cholesterols:

  1. Low – Density Lipoprotein (LDL): Also known as “Bad Cholesterol”. This bad cholesterol transfers cholesterol particles throughout the body and helps in the building across the walls of blood vessels, arteries and makes them hard and narrow. LDL increases the risk factors for various heart diseases and may lead to complex problems.

  2. High – Density Lipoprotein (HDL): Also known as “Good Cholesterol”. This picks up excess cholesterol present in the body and takes it back to the liver. The liver pumps out the wastes and makes the body toxin-free. HDL protects the heart from several complex diseases.

  3. Triglycerides: It is another type of fat that may also lead to heart diseases.

High cholesterol symptoms:

The cholesterol formation in the body has the following symptoms of cholesterol for heart disease which are stated by the best cardiologist in Hyderabad and other specialists.

  1. There are no symptoms for High Cholesterol. It can be detected only through a blood test.
  2. No prior physical symptoms are found in any research until now.
  3. It can be detected and can take precautions with the help of cholesterol levels test.

What are the main causes of high cholesterol?

There are numerous effects of cholesterol which leads to various risk factors including heart diseases. A few of them are listed below.

  • Foods: Not following a proper diet and eat more fat content foods will increase the levels of LDL in the body which creates bad fat and leads to heart diseases. Many claim that saturated fat in the body is good for health. But, saturated fat and cholesterol content in the food will increase LDL in the body.
  • Weight: Overweight or excess weight irrespective of age and gender depending upon our height is the result of bad cholesterol and excess fat in the body which is considered as the root cause of several heart diseases. Control cholesterol levels by losing weight.
  • Physical activity: If a person is not active physically or too lazy there are high chances of an increase in fat due to LDL cholesterol which leads to obesity and other heart diseases. Be active with certain physical exercises that helps in improving HDL in the body and protects from different diseases.
  • Age and gender: Cholesterol is formed due to the age and gender of a person. As a person gets older the levels of cholesterol also start increasing in the body and it exceeds normal levels. Generally, after the menopause age, women have a high tendency to be affected by LDL cholesterol.
  • Heredity: Genes and family history also considered as the main factors of increased levels of cholesterol in the body.

(Also Read : How to detect & diagnose Congenital Heart Disease in Children? )

Risk factors for heart disease with cholesterol:
  • Smoking
  • High blood pressure
  • Low HDL cholesterol
  • Genetic heart diseases
  • Age
  • Diabetics   

According to the best pediatric cardiologist in Hyderabad, there is a great link between cholesterol and heart diseases. The cholesterol is categorized majorly into 4 categories depending on the level of risk the cholesterol contains. The categories are listed in the below table format.

If You Have

You Are in Category

Heart disease, diabetes, or risk score more than 20%*

I. High Risk

2 or more risk factors and risk score 10-20%

II. Next Highest Risk

2 or more risk factors and risk score less than 10%

III. Moderate Risk

0 or 1 risk factor

IV. Low-to-Moderate Risk

Cholesterol level and Category :

Treatments of the cholesterol mainly focus on lowering the cholesterol levels in the body which indeed reduces the risk of heart diseases and other defects. The treatments are performed depending on the category the patient is situated in. Cholesterol levels are categorized into different levels.

  • Category I: Highest Risk
  • Category II: Next Highest Risk
  • Category III: Moderate Risk
  • Category IV: Low-Moderate Risk

These all required treatment from the best cardiac surgeon in Hyderabad India or any other location you belong to. These treatments should be taken under the expert team. Always consider the doctor’s advice and follow one doctor. Changing multiple doctors will increase the side effects and risk factors. The treatment includes various tests, medication and other therapies that are recommended by the team.

Cholesterol treatment guidelines:

Below are the commonly used drugs which help in lowering cholesterol levels and controls good fats in the body.

Statins: These are the block substances that are needed for the liver to make good cholesterol. Statins will remove the LDL and blocked cholesterol from arteries and blood vessels wall. It helps in reversing coronary heart disease. It includes:

  • Atorvastatin (Lipitor)
  • Fluvastatin (Lescol)
  • Lovastatin (Altocor, Altoprev, Mevacor)
  • Pitavastatin (Livalo)
  • Pravastatin (Pravachol)
  • Rosuvastatin calcium (Crestor)
  • Simvastatin (Zocor)

Bile – acid – binding resigns: The liver creates bile acid which makes the digestive system work properly. The liver uses excess cholesterol to produce bile acid which will reduce blood cholesterol levels. The common drugs include:

  • Cholestyramine (Questran and Questran Light)
  • Colesevelam (WelChol )
  • Colestipol (Colestid)

Cholesterol absorption inhibitors: These inhibitors absorb bad cholesterol from the body. The small intestine absorbs cholesterol from foods you intake, and it releases in the bloodstreams. The drug called ezetimibe limits the absorption of cholesterol. It needs combinational drugs. The example of combinational drugs includes:

  • Advisor: Lovastatin and niacin ( nicotinic acid )
  • Caduet: Atorvastatin and amlodipine, a calcium channel blocker
  • Liptruzet: Atorvastatin and ezetimibe
  • Simcor: Simvastatin and niacin (nicotinic acid)
  • Vytorin: Simvastatin and ezetimibe, a cholesterol absorption inhibitor

Fibrates: Fibrates lowers the triglyceride levels in the body. It improves HDL cholesterol and controls LDL. Below are commonly recommended drugs.

  • Fenofibrate (Antara, Lipofen, Lofibra, Tricor)
  • Fenofibric acids (Fibricor, Trilipix)
  • Gemfibrozil (Lopid)

Injectable medications: This new medicine allows the liver to absorb LDL cholesterol. It lowers the blood cholesterol and reduces LDL also improves HDL.


Medication for High triglycerides:

High triglycerides will also have the same risk factors as other cholesterol types. The prescription for the medication depends upon the severity of the level. Consume more fiber content foods, omega-3 fatty acid supplements and other food which is healthy for heart and control cholesterol.


The therapy which is followed by the best Interventional cardiologist in Hyderabad and around the globe is TLC.

TLC: Therapeutic Lifestyle Changes:

This therapy is taken to lower cholesterol levels and control it. It reduces fat and LDL cholesterol and removes bad cholesterol from the body. The TLC follows majorly the below steps:

  • TCL Diet
  • Weight Management
  • Physical Activity

Cholesterol in Children:

Do your children with the age 2 and above are also affected by high cholesterol. There are various ways and treatments to treat and lower cholesterol levels in the body. If the child is 2 – 10 years age then there will be initial stage treatment to reduce the risk and control high cholesterol without any prescribed drugs. Children with age 10 or above are prescribed by the drug which helps in lowering the cholesterol levels

Foods to lower cholesterol:

Here is the list of foods which helps in lowering cholesterol levels and keeps heart healthy

 Does High Cholesterol cause Heart Disease

  • Whole grains
  • oats
  • Barley
  • Beans
  • Nuts
  • Okra
  • Eggplant
  • Apples
  • Berries
  • Olive oil

(Also Read: How to Treat Sudden Cardiac Arrest? )

10 myths about cholesterol affected heart disease:

These are the 10 myths that are considered by many people around the globe which are taken from the expert team from the best cardiologist surgeon in Hyderabad. The below listed are just myths and false statements that are generally taken for granted and believed from a long period of time from generations.

  1. You can take heart attack easily
  2. If you take cholesterol-lowering medication, then you can intake any type of foods
  3. High Blood Pressure is common and no risk in older age
  4. Diabetic can be cured permanently with medication
  5. Heart disease risk can be lowered with vitamins and supplements
  6. Quitting smoking after a long time can reduce heart risk
  7. Heart disease is mainly caused by Men
  8. Eating very low-fat content foods will reduce heart diseases
  9. A small heart stroke will not affect much on anyone
  10. Bypass surgery will fix the heart permanently
Side effects of Cholesterol-Lowering Drugs:

There are various side effects depending on age and gender, but the below listed are commonly seen in everyone who is affected by high cholesterol and is under medication. The best cardiologist in Apollo Hyderabad also proved these side effects which are seen in many patients.

  • Muscle aches
  • Abnormality in liver
  • Dizziness
  • Laziness
  • Heartburns
  • Chest pains
  • Memory problems
  • Skin allergies


HDL-Cholesterol Category

Less than 150

Normal (desirable),  heart disease


Borderline high




Very high


Total Cholesterol Category
Less than 200 Desirable
200 – 239 Borderline High
240 and above High


LDL Cholesterol LDL-Cholesterol Category
Less than 100 Optimal
100 – 129 Near-optimal/above optimal
130 – 159 Borderline high
160 – 189 High
190 and above Very high


HDL* HDL-Cholesterol Category
60 or more Desirable - helps to lower the risk of

heart disease
Less than 40 Major risk factor -- increases the

the risk for developing heart dise


According to the above data, we can fight against Heart Diseases properly, if need without any second thought consults expert heart specialist from top-level heart hospital-like Yashoda hospital Secunderabad appointment


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