Those planned physical activities that are done continually for improving health and keeping oneself healthy are called exercise. Oxforddictionaries.com defines it as “Activity requiring physical efforts, carried out to sustain or improve health and fitness”.
Benefits of exercise to our body
It is not hidden fact that exercise is helpful for almost everyone; through spending sometime on exercise, we can not only keep our body fit but also prevent or treat a number of diseases like osteoporosis, obesity, diabetes, coronary heart disease, depression and weakness. It is also beneficial for boosting and maintaining joint functions. Exercise improves stamina and general health , and slows ageing effects.
How Does Exercise Help?
Exercise has biological effects from head to toe; it affects muscles, lungs, heart, brain, joints and bones.Exercise optimizes leptin/insulin receptor sensitivity that is beneficial for normalizing glucose, leptin and insulin level.
Types of Exercises
There are different types of exercises for different purposes; some of them are given below –
Range of Motion Exercise – this kind of exercise intends to improve the movement of the joints; and it can be divided into three different exercise –
• Active Assists.
This kind of exercise is useful for improving muscle strength and mass, metabolism of the body and bone strength.
This kind of exercise, body weight works as the resistance force; sit-ups, push-ups, and chin-ups all are examples of Isotonic Exercises.
This kind of exercise is good for increasing muscle strength or strength of the muscles’ group.
This type of exercise is done with the help of machines; Physical therapists generally use such machines.
For the rehabilitation and prevention of cardiac diseases or disorders, this kind of exercise can be very beneficial.