Written By: Dt.Hetal Mehta
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A high calorie diet is prescribed for individuals who are underweight or suffering from conditions that result in increased catabolic rate such as burns, infections, cancer, fractures, surgery, fevers, while the condition of underweight may arise due to starvation, diabetes, malabsorption syndrome, psychological factors, gastro intestinal disturbances or increased physical activity.
A high calorie diet consists of a high amount of calories along with proteins and other nutrients.
Principle of the diet:
A high calorie diet should be composed of 50-60% carbohydrates, 15-20% proteins, 12-15% fat (Omega 3 & 6 fatty acids), good amounts of vitamins and minerals, and moderate fiber.
Foods to be included:
High & simple carbohydrate foods like Cereals, cashews, juices, soups,
Easily digestible proteins like milk & milk products, pulses, lentils, etc.
And Fats like ghee, butter, Omega 3&6 Fatty acid sources, etc can be included.
Foods to be avoided:
High fiber containing foods like whole grains, fresh vegetables and fruits should be used in restricted amounts as fiber present can hinder total nutrient absorption. These foods can be used in combination with high calorie foods i.e. simple carbohydrates and fats.
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