Either due to several reasons, your body starts making too little bone or you start losing bone. This results in a condition known as osteoporosis. Thus, Osteoporosis is a bone disease.
Due to this disease, the bones become fragile, weak and can break even due to minor fall. In highly severe cases, the simple actions like sneezing forcefully or mere bumping into the furniture can lead to fracture or breakage of bone.
The complete meaning of osteoporosis is porous bone. A healthy bone looks like a honeycomb when observed under the microscope.
However, if you are suffering from osteoporosis the spaces and the holes within the honeycomb seem quite large that you can possibly see in a healthy bone. This shows that your bone has lost mass or density and the structure has become abnormal.
Lesser the density of the bones, weaker they become thereby increasing the chances of bone breakage and fracture and the symptoms of osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is of different types and occurs in both men and women. However, certain races especially white women are more at risk of acquiring this disease. What is more concerning that lately the occurrence of juvenile osteoporosis has increased enormously.
It is difficult to define this condition in children. The best way to detect is to carry out bone density scanning so that right detection is possible. Although the clear diagnosis is still not possible through this scanning as in adults, a proof about fragile skeleton leads to a final diagnosis of juvenile osteoporosis. The two kinds of juvenile osteoporosis are:
The secondary osteoporosis is the most common type of juvenile osteoporosis and is usually caused because of certain medical condition. The diseases that can cause this condition include:
Note: Around 30 percent of ballet dancers have been found to suffer from stress fractures because of low body weight and eating disorders.
The onset of osteoporosis is silent and the symptoms of osteoporosis are almost unnoticeable unless you have to face a fracture. Only when the disease aggravates to an advanced stage, you feel the pain or start noticing common symptoms such as loss of height. This is the time when you should immediately contact your doctor. Some of the common symptoms include:
Fracture: More often repeated fractures could be a sign of fragile bones caused because of severe osteoporosis. These fractures can occur even due to minor fall or step off from a curb or even due to a strong cough or sneezing.
Neck or Back Pain: Compression fractures in the spine can be due to osteoporosis. The patient has to bear excruciating pain in this condition as the collapsed vertebrae keep on pinching the nerves and hence the pain keeps out radiating from the spinal cord. The symptoms of the pain can range anywhere from minor to severe pain
Losing Height: The patient can lose his height due to spinal compression fractures, which is one of the most noticeable and common of all the symptoms of osteoporosis.
Due to the compression in the vertebrae, the upper back may also curve slightly giving a stopped appearance. This condition is termed as kyphosis or dowagers hump. This condition leads to severe pain in the neck and back and even affects the breathing as extra pressure is put on the airway.
symptoms of osteoporosis in emergency can cause extreme discomfort and pain and warrant an emergency room trip. If you are suffering from extreme pain particularly in the wrist, hip, neck or back you must contact your caregiver immediately for evaluation of your bones and possible treatment.
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