Vitiligo is a type of skin disorder. In this skin disease, white patches start appearing in different body parts because the pigment making cells in the skin in these areas are destroyed. The cells that are destroyed are known as melanocytes. However, you can also find this disorder affecting the nasal and oral tissues and the eyes.
Until now no perfect cause of Vitiligo has been traced however, health experts are of the opinion that it occurs when certain components of the immune system within your body attacks some areas of your body by mistake. Some also consider it an autoimmune disease. The immunity system destroys the melanocytes however; medical professionals suggest that the melanocytes at times destroy themselves leading to formation of white patches. However, no theory has yet been confirmed.
White patches are the major indications of Vitiligo. These patches are mostly found on the skin surface exposed to sunlight such as feet, hands, face, lips and arms. However, in some cases they also develop around the mouth, navel, nostrils, genitals, groin, armpits and rectal areas. In people suffering from Vitiligo the hair, turn gray in young age.
Diet plays an important role in Vitiligo treatment. Food restrictions help in rapid healing of the patches.
In rare cases, the white patches become so big that no treatment works. In this case, the patient might need medical counseling and help.
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