Red Blood cells or RBCs carry the oxygen to different cells of our body. Hemoglobin is a protein that is present in these red blood cells. The function of hemoglobin is to bind the oxygen molecules and distribute them to different cells and tissues by the circulatory system of the body.

For a body to function in a proper way hemoglobin count should be maintained. If there is a fall in the normal hemoglobin level the body tends to experience many problems such as tiredness and weakness. The level of the hemoglobin varies between different ages and sex.



Haemoglobin contains iron that strengthens it to bind the oxygen molecules so as to carry it easily. Improper diet lowers the level of iron in our body. This, in turn, hampers the production of hemoglobin in our body.

As a result of low hemoglobin low production of red blood cells is experienced. This complete situation is known as anemia. Brain development, muscle functions even energy created by the body is affected by this.


Following are some of the symptoms of anemia or a low hemoglobin count:

  • Weakness
  • Irritability
  • Dizziness
  • Tiredness
  • Pale skin
  • Low appetite
  • Fast heartbeat

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Normal hemoglobin level in male and female :

The hemoglobin level varies for different age levels and even in different genders. The normal hemoglobin levels in teenagers are:


Between age 12 - 18: average 14.0 g/dl (in the range 12.0g/dl to 16.0 g/dl)


Between age 12 -18: average 14.5 g/dl (in the range 13.0g/dl to 16.0 g/dl)

The blood test is conducted to diagnose anemia. As a treatment for a low hemoglobin count, iron supplements are given. However, a healthy diet is always recommended for a healthy body and mind.

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