Piles also known as hemorrhoids are a common issue encountered by many people,  Piles are swollen veins that can be found in the rectum or anus. It is completely normal to have these veins in your anus, however, they can become a cause for concern when piles develop due to these veins becoming enlarged and swollen.
Approximately every year 10 million people in India suffer from piles.

What causes piles?

Piles can develop for a number of reasons. One of the most common causes of piles is constipation and lasting diarrhea, which can cause too much strain. Getting older and aging can result in piles due to your anal canal becoming weaker the older you get, which means piles become more likely.

If you have a persistent cough or tend to lift heavy objects this can also be a cause of piles. Piles are also known to be common during pregnancy and after birth, this is due to the high pressure it can cause on your abdomen and straining.

Other Causes 

  1. Giving more strain on the bowel 
  2. Sitting long hours 
  3. Eating junk food 
  4. Drinking less water 
  5. Eating spicy food 
  6. Some medicines 
  7. Eating low fiber diet 
  8. Obesity 

Also Read: Top 10 Home Remedies For Acidity To Get Instant Relief

What are the symptoms of Piles?

Piles don’t necessarily always cause someone to have pain or symptoms, however, if you do have symptoms this might include:

  • Blood when you poo, is usually bright red
  • A lump located around the anus
  • Slimy discharge coming from your anus
  • Discomfort in your anus, or feeling as though you have not fully emptied your bowels
  • The skin around your anus is itchy and sore
  • Discomfort and pain after going to the toilet

( Also Read: Top 10 Best Home Remedies for Constipation )

What are the different types of Piles?

There are two types of piles, one type occurs on the inside of the body and the other occurs on the outside of the body:

  • Internal piles (hemorrhoids) occur only on the inside of the anus at the beginning of the rectum, this type cannot be seen. Internal piles can push through which can then cause external piles.
  • External piles (hemorrhoids) are found on the outside of the anus, as they protrude out and can occur at the anal opening. Internal and external piles can occur at the same time. 

How can you treat piles?

These are the latest and most regular treatment procedures doctors can follow to treat hemorrhoids

Medicine treatments

There are a number of medicines that can help to relieve the symptoms of piles, if you're unsure about any piles medicine treatments then you should always consult your pharmacist. It can sometimes take up to a month for piles of medicines to work, however, if your symptoms do not improve then you should speak to your GP.

Non-surgical treatments

If your piles do not go away on their own, you may need to have a procedure to help solve your issue. There are some non-surgical treatments that you only have to go into the hospital for one day only, which means you are an out-patient. Some nonsurgical treatments you could receive for piles are banding, sclerotherapy, infra-red coagulation, and bipolar diathermy.


If you find that your symptoms of piles have not gone after trying the other two previous treatments, then in some circumstances you may need an operation to treat your piles. The different types of surgery options for piles are hemorrhoidectomy, stapled haemorrhoidopexy and Haemorrhoidal artery.

If you feel that you may need surgery to treat your piles, a medical professional such as Mr. Andrew Clarke who has expertise in this area should be able to help. With many years of experience, he’ll be able to answer queries or concerns that you might have about piles.

Some other procedures are :

1. Rubber-Band Ligation (Banding)

2. Sclerotherapy

3. Infrared Coagulation

4. Electrocoagulation

5. Hemorrhoidal Artery Ligation and Recto Anal Repair (HAL-RAR)

6. Hemorrhoid laser procedure (LHP)

How can you prevent piles?

The main way to help prevent piles is to try and eat a healthy diet and live a healthy lifestyle, these two things help to keep your poo soft, which prevents constipation. Eating fiber-rich foods, drinking plenty of fluids, and exercising regularly can also help to prevent piles.

Also ReadSample Diet For Constipation


References  :

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