What are the advantages and disadvantages of using Microwave oven?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using Microwave oven?

In today’s modern world, every family needs an easy way of working and time-saving method for any task so that they can divert to the other activities once they are finished with it. 

Women in general who are bored with their kitchen work and daily routine can enjoy making food in an easy way with more taste within the fraction of a second using a microwave oven. 

The microwave contains touch buttons which help to set time according to the recipe required and fulfill all the requirements of the family members by making different delicious food.The molecules present in the food vibrate faster and try to build up thermal energy.

The duration of heat is so short that the nutrients and vitamin C are maintained in a microwave without decaying. 

The microwave oven is designed in a way with which cooking, baking, grilling, roasting, toasting, etc can be done easily. Like all other kitchen appliances, the microwave to has benefits and drawbacks, advantages and disadvantages.

Advantages of a microwave oven :

  • The greatest advantage of the microwave oven is; it is time-saving, it is convenient as we can cook food in no time and maintain the nutrient and water content of the food.

  • Microwave oven helps in heating food without burning, as there is a touch button to set the time.

  • The space consumed is less and easy to use, as it is automatic.

  • It will help defrost any frozen items within no time.

  • The vitamins are preserved in the food as it is not overcooked.

  • The consumption of oil is less in microwave cooking, thus allowing us to prepare a low-fat diet.

  • Microwave oven helps us to bake food without any mess.

Also Read: Know the effects of junk food on health & avoid its intake }

Following are the disadvantages of  Microwave oven :

 Disadvantage of  Microwave oven

  • The first and foremost disadvantage of a microwave oven is; it cannot be used for deep frying or making roti or chapatti.

  • It is dangerous to health as the studies show that using microwave could cause cancer as it produces cancer-causing agents.  It weakens the immune system, which will lead to abnormal changes in human blood.

  • It is not advisable to stand in front of the microwave as it is harmful while cooking. Radiation it emits is dangerous. Even plastic used in microwave cooking is dangerous as it emits Bisphenol which is also again very harmful.  It is more dangerous for cooking baby food.

  • Though microwave retains the nutrients, the texture of food, color, and taste will change, compared to cooking in a stove.

  • It leads to dehydration, as the water content decreases and food are more prone to drying, and the cooked food is sometimes unevenly cooked.


Almost 75% of the household has a microwave oven, most of the hotels use a microwave for faster heating and cooking. The microwave may be a health hazard if continuously used.

One can take precautions and use glass or ceramics to avoid the release of chemicals which would affect the food and the health. Though not healthy and safest but it is a time-saving and convenient method.

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