what are the advantages and disadvantages of microwave oven

In today’s modern world, every family needs an easy way of working and a time-saving method for any task so that they can divert to other activities once they are finished with it. 

Women in general who are bored with their kitchen work and daily routine can enjoy easily making food with more taste within a fraction of a second using a microwave oven. 

The microwave contains touch buttons which help to set time according to the recipe required and fulfill all the requirements of the family members by making different delicious food.The molecules present in the food vibrate faster and try to build up thermal energy.

The duration of heat is so short that the nutrients and vitamin C are maintained in a microwave without decaying. 

The microwave oven is designed in a way in which cooking, baking, grilling, roasting, toasting, etc can be done easily. Like all other kitchen appliances, the microwave has benefits and drawbacks, advantages and disadvantages.


Advantages of a microwave oven 

  • The greatest advantage of the microwave oven is it is time-saving, it is convenient as we can cook food in no time, and maintains the nutrient and water content of the food.

  • Microwave oven helps in heating food without burning, as there is a touch button to set the time.

  • The space consumed is less and easy to use, as it is automatic.

  • It will help defrost any frozen items within no time.

  • The vitamins are preserved in the food as it is not overcooked.

  • The consumption of oil is less in microwave cooking, thus allowing us to prepare a low-fat diet.

  • Microwave oven helps us to bake food without any mess.

Also Read: Know the effects of junk food on health & avoid its intake }

Disadvantages Of Microwave Oven 

Disadvantages of microwave oven || Disadvantages of microwave oven

  • The first and foremost disadvantage of a microwave oven is; it cannot be used for deep frying or making roti or chapatti.

  • It is dangerous to health as the studies show that using microwaves could cause cancer as it produces cancer-causing agents.  It weakens the immune system, which will lead to abnormal changes in human blood.

  • It is not advisable to stand in front of the microwave as it is harmful while cooking. The radiation it emits is dangerous. Even plastic used in microwave cooking is dangerous as it emits Bisphenol which is also again very harmful.  It is more dangerous to cook baby food.

  • Though the microwave retains the nutrients, the texture of food, color, and taste will change, compared to cooking on a stove.

  • It leads to dehydration, as the water content decreases food is more prone to drying, and the cooked food is sometimes unevenly cooked.

How Does Microwave Oven Work?

Microwave oven, the name says it all. The very popular microwave oven uses microwaves to heat the food. Microwaves are a combination of radio waves and infrared radiation on the electromagnetic spectrum.

These microwaves help in heating the food properly at an accurate temperature.

These waves contain profound properties, these waves are absorbed by water, fats, and sugar which in turn convert into atomic motion i.e., heat.

Do Microwave Ovens Cause Cancer?

The widely used microwaves are 2,450 megahertz or 2.45 gigahertz which is a high radiofrequency.

The microwaves are formed in the oven only when the oven is turned on and the door of it is shut. Hence, microwaves do not radioactive foods kept heating.

Microwaves are intended to heat the food placed in them without harming the food components and properties. Therefore, food is not an inch affected by any form of radioactive waves that cause cancer.

In the US, federal standards limit the amount of microwaves leak through the microwave oven is below the range of human harm.

If a person follows the instructions specified for using a perfect microwave oven then there is no harm from radioactive waves to any human.


Almost 75% of the households have a microwave oven, and most of the hotels use a microwave for faster heating and cooking. The microwave may be a health hazard if continuously used.

One can take precautions and use glass or ceramics to avoid the release of chemicals that would affect the food and health. Though not healthy and safest it is a time-saving and convenient method.

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