Thrombolytic Therapy is a treatment performed at the emergency level. It is a drug known as lytics or clot busters which helps in dissolving blood clots from the body. This treatment can be administrated at any part of the body. The major treatments of this therapy are Thrombolytic Therapy for Stroke, arteries blockages, veins blockages which effects of the potential functionality and is considered as a life-threatening issue. The length of the treatment varies depending on the type of the treatment. It usually take 60 min for Heart Attack and up to 48 hours for Deep vein thrombosis/DVT.
Why Thrombolytic Therapy for Stroke is done?
Thrombolytic Therapy reduces and reverses the following diseases and reduces its effect to the body. Here are the major defects which decreases harm to the body.
- Brain strokes and blocked arteries in the brain
- Heart attacks when arteries are blocked in the heart
- Reduces the effect of the Pulmonary embolism, a blocked lung artery
- Deep vein thrombosis/DVT which are blocked leg veins
- Acute Arterial Thrombosis / leg ischemia
- Surgical Bypass blockages
- Blockage in the dialysis fistulas or catheters
Acute Stroke Treatment:
Stroke is caused due to the blockage of blood supply in the brain. As brain cells stop receiving blood supply, it is difficult to survive without blood flow which leads to death if not treated at the right time.
Types of Stroke:
- Ischemic Stroke: It happens when there is a blockage in brain arteries. It occurs more frequently almost 80% people are affected by this. If the stroke is resolved immediately, It is known as Transient Ischemic Attach (TIA). The major cause of stroke and TIA is carotid artery disease.
- Hemorrhagic Stroke: It happens when there is a continuous bleeding in the brain. This stroke is seen in very rare conditions.
Symptoms of stroke:
- Sudden Numbness on one side of the body
- Weakness all over the body such as arms, legs, face
- Continuous confusion and difficulty in speech
- Vision problems such as double vision, blurry vision, partial blindness in either one or both the eyes
- Walking troubles, balance loss out
- Severe Headache issues
Treatments of the Thrombolytic Therapy for Stroke:
Treatment of the stroke is generally categorized into three major stages:
- Stroke Prevention with medication
- Immediate therapy after stroke
- Rehabilitation of post-stroke
There are various treatment processes depending on the health condition and severity of the stroke. The various treatments include:
- Treatment to dissolve the blood clots in the brain & to open the narrowed arteries in the brain
- Treatment to ruptured blood vessels in the brain
- Mechanical way to remove acute blood clots from the brain
Diagnosis of Thrombolytic Therapy for Stroke:
By using these techniques and tests doctors will identify the stroke area and the cause of it. This helps in further treatment and medication.
- Primarily the diagnosis starts with CT Scan in emergency room. It generates detailed images of the brain which helps in identifying blood clot. This also helps in finding out which type of stroke occurred in brain.
- MRI (Magnetic resonance imaging) and Angiography tests are performed in further process ones the blood clot and type of stroke are identified. MRA (MRI Angiogram) is used to create pictures of brain and blood vessels.
- Ultrasound uses a technique called Doppler ultrasound which creates images using sound waves from the blood vessels.
Risk Factors of Thrombolytic Therapy for Stroke:
- High Blood Pressure
- Heart Diseases
- High Cholesterol
- Family history of Stroke
- Previous Stroke history
- Sickle Cell Anemia
- Excess consumption of alcohol
Who can be affected more with Thrombolytic Therapy for Brain Stroke?
- Generally, People with higher age group are more likely to get brain strokes when compared to younger age groups. As the age increases the risk of the stroke increases depending on the foods, life-habituate and the health we are dealing with.
- People with the age 55 and above the stroke risks doubles and at the age 65 and above people are suffered with two - third of the strokes.
- Thrombolytic Therapy for Stroke in Women is effectively around 40,000 each year. The effect of stroke varies for men and women.
Tips to minimize the risk of strokes:
- Maintain neutral Blood pressure
- Regular medical checkups
- Quit smoking
- Proper maintaining diabetic levels
- Eating Healthy foods
- Adopting for organic and natural food habits
There should be immediate action after a stroke occurred or else it may lead to paralysis and may risk the life. Ones symptoms are notified it is recommended to consult the doctor. Get the treatment at the right time and save the life. Only treatment will not cure permanently, a patient should change the food habits and adapt to healthy foods to maintain a balanced life. Eat Healthy! Stay Healthy! Live Healthy!
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Author's Bio: Ashreetha Pendkar Is a Healthcare writer, trainer and Digital marketing expert, she loves to read healthcare content and spreading her words about the importance of the health to near & dears.