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How to Prevent Angina? written by:Dr.Sukhvinder Singh Sr.Cardiologist Delhi

How to Prevent Angina? written by:Dr.Sukhvinder Singh Sr.Cardiologist Delhi

Verified By: Dr.Sukhvinder Singh - A Certified Cardiologist in India MBBS, MD, DM (Cardiology) Experience:10 + years He Provides Cardiologist Consultations through Online (TeleMedicine)


Angina is the first symptom that indicates the onset of heart problem. A chest pain or pressure on the chest caused due to blockages in the arteries leads to anginal symptoms and may culminate into a heart attack.

Therefore, if you want to keep your heart healthy and want to stay fit and happy all through your life, you need to make certain changes in your lifestyle. It will help to prevent angina and also keep the other diseases at bay.

Preventing Angina

A healthy lifestyle is the only way of reducing your chances of getting a heart attack. In case you already have angina then, it becomes vital that you make immediate changes in your lifestyle to prevent angina related symptoms and reduce stroke or heart attack risk.

A balanced diet, regular exercise, avoiding smoking are the most effective ways of lowering blood pressure, keeping your blood cholesterol levels under check and strengthening your heart. Angina

1.Healthy Diet

Eating a healthy diet includes eating foods that are high in fiber such as whole grain rice, fresh vegetables and fruits, nuts, lean proteins, legumes, and lentils.You should cut down on a diet that is high in saturated fat.

2.Saturated and Unsaturated Foods

Saturated foods you should avoid include:

  • Butter
  • Meat pies
  • Sausages and fatty meat cuts
  • Ghee
  • Cakes and biscuits
  • Cream
  • Lard
  • Foods rich in palm or coconut oil

On the other hand, you should include foods that provide unsaturated fat and increase good cholesterol level, albeit in a small amount.

Such food options are:

  • Avocados
  • Fish
  • Nuts and seeds
  • Refined oils e.g. sunflower, safflower, olive, mustard, groundnut, rapeseed etc

These foods prevent blockages of arteries and prevent angina symptoms.

3.Avoid Excess of Salt

High intake of sodium or salt also increases angina risk. Hence, you must avoid eating salty foods such as chips, pickles, white bread, chutneys, papads and avoid table salt. An adult should eat less than 0.2 oz salt a day, which is almost a teaspoon.

4.Stop Smoking

Smoking increases the risk of strokes and heart attacks as it narrows the arteries and increases blood pressure.

{ Also Read: What is angina }

5.Reduce Alcohol Consumption

If you are used to drinking alcohol above the recommended limits then, it is high time that you reduce your alcohol drinking. Alcohol contains high calories that lead to weight gain causing a further increase in the level of blood pressure.

The recommended limits of consumption of alcohol are:

  • 2 units/ day for men
  • 1 unit/day for women

6.Maintain Healthy Weight

Excess weight forces your heart to work harder which can raise your blood pressure. Just dropping a few pounds can make a lot of difference. So, find out the diet you can stick to in a discussion with your dietician and make sure that you maintain a healthy weight. An Asian ideally should have a body mass index of 23 or less. Body mass index is calculated as weight in kilograms divided by the square of height in meters.

7.Exercising

Regular exercise helps you to stay active and keep your blood vessels and heart in good condition. It will help you lose weight, keep your blood pressure under control and reduce the risk of heart attack. You can take up low-impact activities such as swimming, cycling, walking initially.

A Brisk walk at a target speed of 7 km/ Hr for 45 minutes every day should be the goal if you do not have to lose weight.If you already have heart disease/ high blood pressure consult your cardiologist before starting an exercise regimen.

8.Avoiding psycho-social stress

It is important to keep yourself happy and avoid stress. You must regulate your working hours. You must do some relaxation activity daily which may be Yoga, Pranayam, Meditation or breathing exercises. You must spend time with your family and friends.

9.Good Control of High blood pressure & Diabetes

If you are already suffering from diabetes or high blood pressure, you must control them well in consultation with your physician. It is very important in the prevention of coronary or angina heart disease.

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